LNG Sales and Purchase Agreements: What You Need to Know

LNG, or liquefied natural gas, is a growing industry with a bright future. As the demand for cleaner energy sources increases, more and more countries are turning to LNG as an alternative to traditional fossil fuels. However, for every LNG transaction, there must be a sales and purchase agreement (SPA) in place. In this article, we`ll take a closer look at LNG SPAs and what you need to know before signing one.

What is an LNG SPA?

An LNG SPA is a legal contract between the seller and the buyer of liquefied natural gas. It outlines the terms and conditions of the sale, including the price, quantity, delivery locations, and other important details. It also defines the responsibilities of each party, such as the buyer`s obligation to purchase the agreed-upon volume of LNG, and the seller`s obligation to deliver that LNG to the specified locations.

Why are LNG SPAs important?

LNG SPAs are essential because they provide a framework for the sale and delivery of LNG. They establish the terms of the deal and create a legally binding agreement between the seller and the buyer. Without an SPA, there would be no way to ensure that each party is fulfilling their obligations, and disputes could arise.

What are the key elements of an LNG SPA?

There are several key elements that should be included in an LNG SPA. These include:

1. Price: The price of the LNG should be clearly defined in the SPA, including any adjustments based on changes in the market.

2. Quantity: The volume of LNG that will be sold should be specified in the SPA, along with any allowed deviations.

3. Delivery: The delivery locations and the timeframe for delivery should be clearly outlined in the SPA.

4. Payment terms: The payment terms, including the currency, method of payment, and payment schedule, should be included in the SPA.

5. Force majeure: The SPA should include a force majeure clause, which outlines what happens if an unforeseen event (such as a natural disaster) prevents one or both parties from fulfilling their obligations.

What are the risks associated with LNG SPAs?

There are several risks associated with LNG SPAs, primarily related to market conditions and changes in the industry. For example, if the price of LNG drops significantly, the buyer may be stuck paying a higher price than the current market rate. On the other hand, if the price of LNG increases, the seller may be stuck selling at a lower price than they could have received on the open market.

Additionally, there are risks associated with changes in the industry, such as the development of new technologies that could make LNG obsolete. It`s important to ensure that the SPA includes provisions that address these risks and provide protections for both parties.


LNG SPAs are a critical component of the LNG industry, providing a framework for the sale and delivery of liquefied natural gas. If you`re involved in the LNG industry, it`s important to understand the key elements of an SPA and the risks associated with these agreements. By taking the time to carefully review and negotiate an LNG SPA, you can help ensure a successful and profitable transaction.